how to look at art: the lenbachhaus

Munich is a city with art. In my previous year living in Munich, I had been to both the old and new Pinakothek art museums on multiple occasions and was overwhelmed by the size of the collections housed there. Sensory overload is inevitable. In such a large museum, I tend to take my time at the beginning, but an hour in, I start to walk more quickly, observe less closely and, ultimately, I don’t really see the art that comes later in my visit. After a 3-hour art museum visit, some highlights stick out in my memory, but regarding most of the artwork, I’m unable to say much other than “it was pretty…” Well, it turns out that this isn’t the best way to experience art. You just can’t see it all in one visit, and you shouldn’t try to. (My husband would argue that you can spend an entire museum visit sitting at one painting.) We recently visited an art museum in Munich that I hadn’t been to before: the newly renovated Lenbachhaus. The floor plan of the Lenbachhaus doesn’t draw visitors through a tour of the entire collection of centuries of artwork, but rather invites you to focus on an area of interest. So, no traipsing through the entire 19th century gallery to get to the specific 20th century collection you actually came to see.


Franz Marc’s “Blaues Pferd I”

And if you’re visiting Lenbachhaus for the first time, the collection to see is Der Blaue Reiter — The Blue Rider. Der Blaue Reiter was a group of early twentieth century artists centered in Munich, and the collection at the Lenbachhaus, acquired in 1957 from one of the artists herself (Gabriele Münter), is the largest Blauer Reiter collection in the world. This is “local art” — first exhibited in Munich a century ago, seen today in Munich at the Lenbachhaus. The subject matter is also not far from home. Several of the artists painted together in Murnau, a Bavarian village about 70 km south of Munich early in their careers. I was most drawn to Kandinsky and Münter’s vivid, colorful works from Murnau.


Gabriele Münter’s “Das Russen-Haus” – Her house in Murnau is a museum today.


Wassily Kandisky’s “Murnau – Blick über den Staffelsee, Sommer 1908”

In addition to the Blauer Reiter collection, there is a 19th-century collection, a collection of post-WWI “New Objectivity” art, and a post-1945 art collection. Throughout the museum, the focus is on Munich art. The Lenbachhaus itself is the former villa residence of artist Franz von Lenbach, and his living quarters can also be viewed in the museum. After seeing the Blauer Reiter, we also walked through the Joseph Beuys collection (not a Munich artist!), which was installed by Beuys in 1980. It consists of objects like bent forks and bandaged bath tubs and dirty chalkboards. You get a wide breadth of art at the Lenbachhaus — from achingly beautiful to revolting and thought-provoking. The new renovations (as of May 2013) also make the Lenbachhaus stand out amongst the art museums in Munich from a design standpoint. The 19th-century villa with its manicured garden connected to the modern, quadratic new wing with a 1960s vibe hints at the mix of art within.


The Lenbachhaus villa and garden


The new building addition at the Lenbachhaus

The lighting inside is great too! Windows in the ceiling with curved openings provide bright, natural, indirect light — so there is no white glaring blob of light reflecting on the paintings. It’s the kind of thing you might not notice, but that really enhances the experience. I’m excited about the Lenbachhaus, and I’m looking forward to going back to see another collection. This is how to look at art! Information about hours, admission, directions, etc. is online in English here. Audio guides are available in German and English.

2 thoughts on “how to look at art: the lenbachhaus

  1. Pingback: rail tripping: murnau | internationally engaged

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